Domain Vocabulary

Domain Vocabulary

In the world of domain names, there are some specific domain vocabulary words and abbreviations and/or acronyms that are used to describe domain names. Here is a list of some of them (attribute: NamePros):


BIN – in sales threads you’ll see ‘BIN price’ or ‘buy at BIN’. BIN stands for ‘Buy It Now’ and is considered the instant selling price if you want to bypass making lesser offers or bidding up in an auction for a domain. Many auctions or ‘make offer’ sales do not set a BIN, just in case bids/offers rise higher than that BIN amount, but most domainers have a good idea of the top price they want for a domain and will set a BIN price just in case they luck out and a buyer wants the domain enough to buy at BIN and not risk losing it to anyone else.

End User – you often hear of domainers selling domains to ‘end users’. This term refers to a buyer who plans to use a domain for considerable development. A corporation or person who has a large vested interest in that website, for business or extensive personal use, does not plan to trade or resell that domain name (unless an irresistable offer arises) so they are considered the ‘end of the line’ for that domain, the user who has the final use of it and will likely never sell it again. Basically a domain is traded from owner to owner until it finds the ideal end user who will keep it indefinitely. Since the end user has so much interest in the name, they also usually pay much more for that domain than will a reseller who intends to profit on the name by reselling it at a higher price.

Grace Delete – grace deletion refers to the process of deleting a domain name shortly after you registered it. There are many reasons people register domains and then delete them within a few days; commonly it is simply a matter of ‘sobering up’, and realizing it’s not as good a domain as you thought yesterday. Other reasons range from discovering the name is based on a trademark, to tasting the domain for traffic and then letting it go.
Grace deletion is not a service offered by all registrars, you don’t have a ‘right’ to delete a domain and get a refund, it’s a service volunteered by some registrars. The ones that offer this allow you a ‘grace period’ – usually a handful of days after registration date but this varies – for you to delete a domain. Some registrars offer an automated system so you can perform the grace delete yourself, while with other registrars you must send their support a request to delete your domain/s.
Note that any registrar can delete your domain (certain extensions anyway, like when you ask them to, any time, but the ‘grace delete’ term refers to you actually getting some or most of your registration fee back, when deleting your domain within a specified (short) amount of time after registering it. Registrars who offer the grace delete service will set their own grace period, their own rate for this service (usually a small percentage of your reg fee), and determine their own process. Grace delete is just a short term for ‘register a domain, delete it again within a short time, and get a partial refund back’.

Domain types – I am referring to the slang, or code, or abbreviations, or ‘domainer jargon’ for certain types of domains. You often see mentioned, or or or or What do all these strange terms mean, since they are not the actual domain being referred to? These are all domainer-speak for certain categories of Letter, Number, Character, and other spelling combinations. Here’s the lowdown:

Letter combinations:
LLL, LLLL, LLLLL – the ‘L’s’ refer to Letter, so if you see someone talking about an or an, etc, they are referring to the number of letters in the domain. has 4 Letters, so it is an, has 3 Letters so it is an
***Note that when using ‘L’ designations for these types of domains, this designates a domain as NOT being a proper word, usually. Even though is technically an LLLL.COM, there is a difference between an LLLL and a word, and in domainerspeak the LLLL is reserved for letter combinations that don’t make a known word.
3L, 4L, 4L – these are simply an even shorter way of referring to the above: when someone says they have a 3L .com, it means a 3-Letter (or any extension), 4L means a 4-Letter, 5L means a 5-Letter, etc.

CVCV, CVVC, VCVC, CVVCV, etc. – when you see someone list a domain type using a combination of the letters ‘C’ and ‘V’, these refer to specific configurations of Consonants and Vowels. Once again, these usually refer to non-words, but rather patterns of letters, or letters that form a brandable, or made-up, word. I won’t give an English lesson here, hopefully you know what a vowel and a consonant are, so here are a few examples. Althought these are usually used for LLLL (4 letter) domains, they are also commonly used to designate LLL and LLLLL types:
Some LLLL (4-Letter domains) that are CVCV layout (consonant-vowel-consonant-vowel): dopu, pebi, saco, qega, xave
Some VCVC: epuq, izux, ubeq, ovaq
Some CVVC: qeoc, vaix, zuaq, xiaw
Some VCCV: egti, ahxo, uqma, otre
Some VVVV (4 vowels): iuae, eoeu
Some CCCC (4 consonants; rarely used designation, since it confuses with CCC – see below): btgx, mrzg
Here are also a few LLLLL (5 Letter) domains, with their V&C layouts: – CCVCV – CVVCV – VCCCV
geeog.COM – CVVVC
*Sometimes the letter ‘Y’ is included to the C&V layout. Y in domaining is considered a vowel, so the following LLLL can be considered a CVCV: This could also be written as the type LLLY (uncommon because it is confusing), or CVCY (more common, still a little confusing).

Number combinations:
Domains consisting only of numbers are written using ‘N’s, for Number; here are a few examples: or 4N – a 4-number, like:, or Once again, as with letters, these designations are usually used for numbers that appear ‘random’, rather than meaning something. would be considered a ‘year .com’ even though it is also technically an, or 5N – a 5-number, like or

By the time you get to 6 numbers, it is usually just abbreviated as 6N.

NN, NNN are a 2- and a 3-number domain, like (an or (an

Hyphen combinations:
When you add one or more hyphens to the above combination types, these are also popular domainer terms: – a that has 3 letters and 2 hyphens (5 characters in total), with hyphens between each letter. Examples:,, – these have a total of 4 characters, with only 1 hyphen. Examples:, – a that has 3 numbers and 2 hyphens (5 characters). Examples:,, – examples:,

Character combinations:
Domains consisting of two or more of the 3 characters that can be used in the ‘word’ part of a domain are described as having a number of ‘C’s, or Characters. Only three characters can be used to form the name part of a domain: Letters, Numbers, and Hyphens. If a domain consists of two or more of these, it can be referred to as a CC, or CCC. **These Character designations are typically limited to 2- and 3-character names, but even 4-character domains are becomming popular. Here are some examples:
CC combinations (2-character) – some examples:,,
*Note that a hyphen can only be placed between two other characters, so all 2-character names can only be created with a Letter and a Number.
CCC combinations (3-character) –,,,,
*Note that if the name has all letters or all numbers, but separated by hyphens, it is usually described in the previous sections. For example, wouldn’t usually be referred to as a CCC (3-character), but as an L-L (Letter, Hyphen, Letter). It is technically both, and both designations can be used, but L-L is more accurate. Another example, is indeed a CCC, but it is more accurate to call it a
**Also note that there is considerable cross-designation in other ways; for example: – can be called a CCC (3-character), but also a NNL (Number, Number, Letter). – can be called a CCC, but also a N-L (Number, Hyphen, Letter).

Here’s a quick guide:
LL, LLL, LLLL, etc: number of Letters.
NN, NNN, NNNN, etc: number of Numbers
CVCV, CVVC, CCVCV, etc: combinations of Consonants and Vowels
CC, CCC: combinations of Numbers, Letters, and Hyphens.
LLN, LNL, NNL, NLN: combinations of Letters and Numbers.

Parking – Domain parking is the registration of an Internet domain name without using it for services such as e-mail or a website i.e without placing any content on the domain. This may be done to reserve the domain name for future development, to protect against the possibility of “cybersquatting.” Since the domain name registrar will have set name servers for the domain, the registrar or reseller potentially has use of the domain rather than the final registrant.

Domain parking can be classified as monetized or non-monetized. In the former, advertisements are shown to visitors and the registrant gains revenue. In the latter, an “Under Construction” or a “Coming Soon” message may or may not be put up on the domain by the registrar or reseller. This is a single-page website that people see when they type the domain name or follow a link in a web browser. Domain names can be parked before a web site is ready for launching.

Push – a ‘push’ is a kind of domain transfer, but is different technically from the word ‘transfer’ (see definition for ‘transfer’ below). A push is when you transfer a domain name WITHIN THE SAME REGISTRAR, but to a different user. For example, if your domain is at the registrar Godaddy, you can push it to a different user who also has an account at Godaddy. Each registrar has their own procedure and requirements for a push, but most registrars follow the same basic structure:
A push can be done anytime, even immediately after regging the name; a push is immediate, taking a few seconds to a few minutes until it is in the new user’s account; a push is usually free and does not require the new user to renew the name for another year, rather the same expiration date is kept; a push is simple, usually requiring you to know only the new user’s username at your registrar, or their username and email, etc.
A push also differs with a transfer in that a push is originated from the CURRENT owner’s account, whereas a transfer is initiated from the NEW owner’s account. To initiate a push, you select the domain you want to push, then you look around for something that says ‘push domain’ or ‘initiate account change’ or something like that, and follow instructions. The new owner must follow their own procedure to accept the push into their account.

Reg Fee – this is an abbreviation of ‘registration fee’, the cost of registering a domain name. Each registrar has different prices for’s and other TLD’s and ccTLD’S, and most good registrars also offer discount e-coupons for different TLD’s, fresh regs, renewals, etc. ‘Reg Fee’ is most commonly seen in the appraisals section, where a name is valued at ‘reg fee’. Most reg fees for’s are in the $7 – $12 range.

Reseller – just that: a domainer who trades in domains. Resellers buy domains and do not develop them (unless it is with parking, minisites or minimal development for the purpose of making temporary income from the domain, or increasing its traffic/value for resale). As with any reseller, domainers ideally try to buy very low and sell very high. In a perfect world a reseller will reg a domain or buy it at a cheap reseller price, find the perfect end user for it, and sell high to that end user.

TLD, ccTLD – this stands for Top Level Domain/s. In the domain world there is a hierarchy of domain+’extensions’. There are also subdomains and multiple extension combinations (for example stands for a government site in Ontario, Canada). A basic, simplified TLD definition is simply the domain+’main’ extensions you see on non-country domain extensions. Technically most of what you see is a gTLD, a ‘generic’ TLD. Domains with these extensions are generic worldwide, though each of them has its own rules and restrictions on who can register it. The most common gTLD’s are,,, and others. Less common and more experimental gTLD’s include,,,,,, etc. All these are TLD’s, or more precisely gTLD’s, generic the world over.
The second most common TLD category is the ccTLD, which stands for Country Code Top Level Domain. These are domain+extensions that refer to individual countries and are regulated by those countries or agents of. Some of the common ccTLD’s you’ll see are (Canada), (US), (Tuvalu), (Indian Ocean).
When anyone refers to TLD generally, they are referring to any of the generic TLD’s like the, etc.

Transfer – a ‘transfer’ is differentiated from a ‘push’ (see definition for ‘push’ above). A transfer is when a domain name is transferred from one registrar TO A DIFFERENT REGISTRAR. The domain can be transferred to your account in the new registrar, or to a different person’s account in a new registrar.
Transfer procedures differ for different extensions and different registrars, but they follow some basic structures: a transfer is initiated by the NEW registrant’s account, rather than by the CURRENT owner; but the current owner must supply the new owner with what is called an ‘EPP code’, which you will have to locate or create for the domain being transferred (creating/finding the EPP code varies according to different registrars, but it is necessary to every transfer of a and many extensions); the domain must also be ‘unlocked’, if it is locked, by the current registrant; a transfer is not instant like a push, it can take a few days to a few weeks to complete, or longer depending on the quality/efficiency of one or both registrars involved); a push is usually free, while for a transfer you must pay the reg fee at the new registrar, which gives you a year’s reg time starting at the transfer date, losing any time still left on the reg at the previous registrar; also, whereas a push can be performed anytime, even immediately after buying or “regging” a name, a transfer usually has time restrictions – again, this varies by registrar and extension, but whenever you register or buy a there is usually a 60-day waiting period before you can transfer that domain again to another registrar.

etc. – ‘x’s are used to denote rough estimates of how much a domain is worth. Valuing a domain name is a vague process and prices differ wildly according to the domain, the economy, the end users’ pockets, and other factors, so exact valuations cannot be given. So domainers use approximations that may include numbers or x’s.
The x’s are simply substitutes for tens, hundreds, thousands, etc. For example, we may say a domain is worth $300 – 600… or we may put it another way and say it is worth mid-xxx.
We may say it is worth $50 – 100, or mid to high xx. We might say it is worth $8, or high x.
Here is a general outlay:
x = 0 to 9, since it is a single digit.
Low x = 0 – 3; mid x = 4 – 6; high x = 7 – 9.
xx = 10 – 99, since it covers all double-digit numbers.
Low xx = 10 – 30; mid xx = 40 – 60; high xx = 70 – 99.
xxx = 100 – 999, since it covers all three-digit numbers.
Low xxx = 100 – 300, mid xxx = 400 – 600; high xxx = 700 – 999.
This breakdown continues through x,xxx and xx,xxx and xxx,xxx and x,xxx,xxx etc, referring to thousands, tens of thousands, hundreds of thousands, millions.
All these are vague approximate ranges.